Coat of Arms
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It is very important to note that a Coat of Arms is granted for the use of one particular person ('armiger'). The description of the Coat of Arms is known as the 'blazon' and it is very exact in its terminology. Children may inherit the blazon but it is modified according to prescribed rules. If two people marry who each have a Coat of Arms, then the woman's details would be carried forward but only in the next generation. A Coat of Arms does not exist that can be said to be the "Lockwood Coat of Arms". Family History Companies that sell at railway stations, shopping centres or over the internet usually make up a composite Coat of Arms that contain elements from several different Lockwood Coat of Arms. Below are shown three examples that may be purchased.
Ancestors of Dover, England Halbert's Family Heritage www.HouseofNames.com
The motto Esperance means "Hope". One common factor in the Lockwood Coat of Arms is the use of three martlets (birds) without feet. This signifies one who subsists on wings of virtue and merit alone.
From http://www.heraldryunlimited.com/ (this site appears now to be unavailable) the following description is given for a Martlet
SWALLOW or MARTLET
Meaning: A disinherited son, resurrection and repentant sinner. The martlet is a stylised form of a swallow which has no feet. It was shown in this way on heraldic arms because it was believed that a swallow cannot perch on the ground. A fourth son was supposed to add a martlet to his arms, symbolising the fact that he was unlikely to inherit anything from his parents and had to fly away to make his own way in the world. Since the swallow returned every spring to the northern countries (having spent the winter in the south) it was symbolic of spring and the resurrection during the Middle Ages. In mediveal bestiaries the swallow's cry was supposed to be like that of the repentant sinner, and the fact that the swallow was never supposed to touch the ground showed that it was concerned with higher heavenly matters rather than earthly things.
A number of Lockwoods have been granted a Coat of Arms over the centuries and details are given below. Pictures are shown for items 9 and 11.
Coats of Arms were common by 1200 but centralised control through the College of Arms only started in the 15th century. Crests were not regulated until the 16th century and mottoes, not really a formal part of the grant of Arms, were not used until the 18th century.
In November 1999, I commissioned The College of Arms, London, E.C.4 to search for records that may contain the name of Lockwood or likely spelling variants and details of their research are given below. I have also added other details and their sources but as the primary origin of information was not given, caution should be exercised. It is very easy to "re-quote" a piece of information, that may, over time become accepted, but unless there is providence, such information should always be treated with a degree of caution.
Most of the Coat of Arms detailed below are descriptions only. It is advised that a guidebook of Heraldry is used to fully understand the terms and design of the arms. Alternatively the website at http://www.heraldryunlimited.com/ (this site appears now to be unavailable) provides very good descriptions of the terms used in heraldry. Some of the terms used below are:-
Argent = Silver, Azure = Blue, Fess= Broad horizontal band, Gules = Red, Or = Gold, Vert = Green
1. Richard Lockwood 1530
Some "Origin of Surname" scrolls (the type that may be bought at shopping centres or large railway stations) indicate that Richard Lockwood, a rector of Dingley, Northampton was granted arms in 1530 . The College of Arms does not have a record of this. I would welcome anyone to supply me with proof that this grant of arms actually occurred.
However, a descendant of Richard Lockwood, Amelius Richard Mark Lockwood (1847 - 1928) became Baron Lambourne and was subsequently granted a Coat of Arms on 15th August 1917 (see item 9 below).
2. Funeral Certificate 1573
A funeral certificate entered at the College in 1573 states that Henry Cutte, Esquire, of Kent, second son of Sir John Cutte, of Essex, Knight, died 14 January 1573. Henry had two wives. The first was Eleanor, daughter and heir of John Marshall, Esquire and also heir to Sir Richard Langley, Knight. His second wife was Elizabeth, daughter of Lawrence Lockewood of Yorkshire, Gentleman. Impaled arms are shown for Henry Cutte, those of his second wife being "Argent between three Martlets a Fess Sable". This is the only time these arms appear in the official records of The College of Arms. [Coll. Arms I10.7].
2. Visitation of 1612
Between 1530 and 1686 the College of Arms sent Heralds around the country on Visitations and on two occasions the name of Lockwood is mentioned. The first occasion is in 1612 when Richard Lockwood of Sowerby, Yorkshire was visited. Richard was the son of Christopher Lockwood and the pedigree was as follows:-
Christopher Lockwood (died 1587) of Sowerby, Yorkshire married Clare, daughter of Christopher Lascells of Brakenbargh. Their children were:-
(a) John, son and heir
(d) Richard, husband of Clare, daughter of Anthony Byerley of Pickhall. They had two daughters, Clare aged 7 in 1612 and Elizabeth, aged 5 in 1612. Clare married a Mr. Best of Yorkshire and Elizabeth married Ralph Atkinson of Wensley, Yorkshire
(e) Elizabeth, wife of Christopher Wright of Sowerby
(f) Mary, wife of James Smyth of Sowerby
No arms were allowed to this family [Coll.Arms C13.12]
3. Visitation 1665/6
This visitation was to the same family and the pedigree extended as Richard had married secondly, Dorothy, daughter of Anthony Atkinson of Wensley. Richard had died about 1645. They had:-
(a) Mathew, aged 35 in 1665. Married Barbara, daughter and co-heir to Thomas Beckwith of Aketon, Yorkshire. They had Richard, aged 12 on 23 August 1665, Thomas, aged 11 and Barabara aged 9.
(c) Dorothy, wife of John Kamerton of Purston, Yorkshire
The record of this visitation gives the arms as "Argent between three Cinquefoils a Chevron Sable". However a note states "Respite given for proofe of these Armes but no proofe made". [Coll. Arms C40.51]. The Dictionary of British Arms, vol. ii, 1996, states that the arms "Argent a Chevron Sable between" either "3 5-petalled flowers seeded Argent" or "3 cinque-foils Sable" appear on a roll of arms in the British Library dating from about 1510, known as the Creswick Roll (B.L. Add. M.S. 62541). [D.B.A. vol ii, pp 344 and 348].
4. Grant of Arms 1821 - Sarah Lockwood
By Letters Patent of Garter and Norroy Kings of Arms dated 2 March 1821 John Crossley of Scaitcliffle,Todmorden and Walsden, Rochdale, Lancashire, J.P., was granted arms and crest. In the same Patent he was granted arms for his wife Sarah, only daughter and heir expectant of John Lockwood of Ewood, Yorkshire. The Lockwood arms were granted to Sarah Crossly and her descendants. The descendants would have borne them as a quartering quartered with the arms of Crossley. The Lockwood arms are blazoned "Ermine on a Fess engrailed Vert between three Cinquefoils Sable as many Martlets Or". [Coll. Arms Gts 32.267/8].
5. Grant of Arms 1838 - William Mark Lockwood
By Letters Patent of Garter and Clarenceux Kings of Arms dated 12 June 1838 arms and crest were exemplified to William Mark Wood, Esquire, a Lieutenant in the 60th (or Kings Rifle Corps) Regiment of Foot, eldest son and heir apparent of William Joseph Lockwood of Dews Hall, Essex, Esquire, by Rachel his wife second and youngest daughter of Sir Mark Wood, late of Gatton Park, Surrey, Baronet, deceased, and sister and co-heir of Sir Mark Wood of Pall Mall, Middlesex and of Hare Park, Cambridge, Baronet. To comply with a clause in the will of his maternal uncle, Sir Mark Wood Bt., William Mark Lockwood as he then was, had petitioned for a Royal License to take the name and arms of Wood. The arms now exemplified to him were "Argent an Oak Tree eradicated proper fructed Or", and the crest, on a wreath of colours, "A Ship under Sail proper".
6. Grant of Arms 1845 - George Palmer Lockwood
By Letters Patent of Garter and Clarenceux Kings of Arms dated 17 July 1845 George Palmer Lockwood of Hackney, Middlesex, Clerk, B.A., only son of Thomas Lockwood late of the Town of Leicester, Gentleman deceased was granted arms and crest for himself and his descendants and the other descendants of his father. The arms were "Azure a Chevron Vairy Or and Gules between three martlets in chief and a Trefoil in base Or", and the crest, on a wreath of colours [i.e. Or and Azure] "A Tower Argent charged with a Saltaire engrailed Sable and upon the battlement a Trefoil slipped Vert". [Coll. Arms Gts 47.427].
7. Grant of Arms 1893 - Frank Lockwood
By Letters Patent of Garter, Clarenceux and Norroy Kings of Arms dated 30 May 1893 arms and crest were granted to Frank Lockwood, of Lennox Gardens, Chelsea and of Cober Hill, Cloughton, Yorksire, Q.C., Recorder of Sheffield, M.P. for York, and the other descendants of his later father Charles Day Lockwood, of Ardwick, Manchester. The arms granted were "Per pale ermine and sable three chevronels between as many stocks of trees eradicated and sprouting on either side all countercharged". The Crest on a wreath of the cloures, "In front of a stock of a tree eradicated and sprouting on either side proper, theron a martlet gules, two swords in saltaire, points upwards, proper, pomels and hilts or". [Coll. Arms Gts 67.169].
8. Grant of Arms 1908 - Charlotte Lockwood
By Letters Patent of Garter, Clarenceux and Norroy Kings of Arms dated 14 February 1908 arms were granted to Charlotte Mary Heber-Percy, wife of Algernon Heber-Percy, of Hodnet Hall, Salop and Airmyn Hall, Yorkshire, J.P. and Alderman for Salop. She was the only child of and heir of the late Frederick Vernon Lockwood, Clerk in Holy Orders, M.A. Cantab., Prebendary of Canterbury Cathedral. The arms granted to her, which were to be borne as a quartering by her descendants were "Argent on a fess Gules between three martlets Sable as many Crosses patty fitchy Or". [Coll. Arms Gts 78.17].
9. Grant of Arms 1917 - Amelius Richard Mark Lockwood
Amelius Richard Mark Lockwood (the son of William Mark Lockwood in Item 5 above), having been raised to the peerage as Baron Lamborne, had supporters granted to him by Letters Patent of Garter Kings of Arms dated 15 August 1917. In the same Letters Patent alterations to his arms and crest were made. The new arms were "Argent an Oak tree Vert eradicated and fructured proper between three martlets Sable". The new crest was, on a wreath of colours, "Upon Waves of the Sea a Frigate under sail proper". The supporters were, on either side, "A Sailor of the early nineteenth Century proper cap and jacket Vert lapels cuffs and trousers Argent. [Coll.Arms Gts 85.68]. The motto "Tutus in Undis" is Latin for "Safe on the waves". The tree symbol is from the Coat of Arms of the Wood family - Rachael Wood married William Joseph Lockwood (Amelius's grandfather) in 1816.
10. Grant of Arms 1960 - Joseph Flawith Lockwood
By Letters Patent of Garter and Clarenceux Kings of Arms dated 20 June 1960 arms and crest were granted to Sir Joseph Flawith Lockwood, of East Burnham Well, Fanham, Buckinghamshire, Knight. The arms were "Gules within an Orle of Millrinds Argent a Garb also Argent", and the crest on a wreath of colours, "On a Rock a Smooth haired Fox Terrier sejant proper resting the dexter forepaw on a Lyre Or". [Coll. Arms Gts 122.331].
11. Lockwoods of Dews Hall, Essex
These are related to William Mark Lockwood (Item 5) and Amelius Lockwood (Item 9). These were in the unofficial collection of heraldic bookplates held at the College of Arms.
In the first picture the small circle between the two top martlets is an annulet, which is the cadency mark of a fifth son.
The next two pictures show a quartering which is used when both the bride and groom have coat of arms. The quarter with diagonal stripe with three roundels is the coat of arms of the Cutts. In the late 1600s, Richard Lockwood married Susannah Cutts, daughter and heir of Edward Cutts. By this marriage he acquired the estate in Lambourne. They had a son called Richard who bought Dews Hall, Lambourne in 1722 or 1732.
12. Samuel Lockwood
In the April 1931 Gazette of The Sterling Memorial Library, page 93 it describes that there are 12 corbels in the entrance arch representing Benefactors of the Yale Library - of which Samuel Lockwood with a Coat of Arms is one of the 12.